Glossary – Nutrigaya



Bael Fruit Aegle marmelos

Bael fruit is helpful in the management of digestive conditions including IBS and colitis, as it supports digestive function and health.


Cardamom Elattaria cardamomum

Cardamom can help ease intestinal spasms, heartburn, irratable bowel syndrome, colds and coughs, liver problems, urinary tract conditions, appetite loss, bloating and constipation.


Curry Leaf Murraya koenigii

Curry Leaf is considered to hold many beneficial properties including antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and helpful digestive properties.


Garlic Allium sativum linn

Garlic can provide numerous antioxidant benefits, support those with high cholesterol and improve overall immunity.


Ginger Zingiber officinale

Ginger can support healthy bodies against colds, coughs and indigestion. With anti-inflammatory properties, ginger can provide support for number of gastrointestinal and circulation problems.


Holostemma Creeper holostemma ada-kodien

Known as Holostemma ada-kodien, the roots and plant have anti-aging, anti-asthmatic and astringent properties. They help soothe coughs, fever, acid reflux, and relieve fluid retention. This vitalizing herb can also help cleanse the digestive system and is used to Ayurvedic medicine to support those with diabetes.


Indian Long Pepper Piper longum

Known as pippapli, Indian long pepper can be useful for a range of respiratory problems by improving blood circulation in the lungs. It can help increase metabolic rate to burn extra body fat and be used to promote healthy liver and spleen function. It is a widely used Ayurvedic herb for its nourishing properties.


Licorice Glycyrrhiza glabra

Licorice promotes digestion, helps treat lung ailments and soothes sore throats. It lowers stomach acid levels to relieve heartburn, indigestion and prevent ulcer formation. It supports the liver in increasing bile flow and lowering cholesterol levels by boosting the immune system chemical, interferon and helps enhance immunity. For women, licorice has a mild estrogenic effect which may help to ease certain symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), including bloating and breast tenderness. When applied topically, licorice can help with dermatitis, eczema and psoriasis.


Moringa Moringa Oleifera

The Moringa tree is almost a complete food source. Its proteins, unlike those of the soybean, are much easier for our bodies to assimilate. It's high in fibre and iron, and is a near-perfect source of nutrients in terms of concentration and variety. Moringa has up to 46 types of antioxidants, known to help free-radical damage. It contains 90 different nutrients and 18 amino acids, including 9 we can't produce ourselves. Amino acids are the building blocks that our bodies depend on to support our muscle, skeletal system, brain and metabolism. They are absolutely essential to our health. It is known to boost the immune system, and with its high protein and fibre content, it is a helpful nutritional aid and in maintaining weight. The list of health benefits of Moringa is extensive, but what is truly remarkable is its ability to support exactly what you need it to. It provides holistic support for your entire body, which in turn lends itself to greater peace of mind and a harmonious balance of energy within yourself.


Portia Tree Thespesia populnea

The bitter inner bark of the Indian tulip tree, also known as Portia tree, aids the liver as both a diuretic and stimulant. Its raw green bark is also chewed as an aphrodisiac. As a tea, it can be used to help indigestion, dysentery, rheumatism, coughs and fevers. Topically, its leaves are often applied to inflamed and swollen joints.


Snake Gourd Trichosanthes cucumerina

Used as a diuretic in traditional medicine, snake gourd helps to flush toxins from the body. It helps to support healthy kidney and bladder function.


Winter Cherry Ashwagandha

Ashwaganda also known as Winter Cherry is well known for its restorative and rejuvenating properties. The Winter Cherry boosts the overall immune system and is used specifically to treat inflammation, fever, boost general wellness and improve memory. Ashwaganda increases acetylcholine receptor activity which accounts for enhanced cognitive ability and memory. The herb also increases the body's natural antioxidants accounting for anti-stress, cognition facilitation anti-ageing effects.


The ABC's

of amino acids


Protein makes up twenty percent of our bodies. It plays an important role in our biological processes and amino acids are its building blocks. Our cells, muscles and tissue are made up of amino acids and they're important for giving our cells their structure as well as transporting and storing nutrients. Amino acids have an influence on the function of organs, glands, tendons and arteries and can be use as a source of energy by the body.



Alanine can support metabolism of glucose which is essential for good health.



Arginine may help enhance immune function. As a component of collagen it can help with building new bone and tendon cells and can support arthritis and connective tissue disorders. A variety of function, including insulin production glucose tolerance, and liver lipid metabolism, are impaired when your body is deficient in arginine.



Asparagine is needed to help maintain balance in the central nervous system. It promotes how amino acids are transformed in the liver. This particular amino acid is found mostly in meat sources.


Aspartic Acid

Aspartic acid increases stamina, helps to fight fatigue and plays a vital role in metabolism. Chronic fatigue can lower cellular energy. Aspartic acid is both beneficial for neural and brain disorders and good for athletes as it helps to protect the liver by aiding the removal of excess ammonia. Aspartic acid combines with other amino acids to form molecules that absorb toxins and removes them from the bloodstream. It aids cell function and the function of RNA and DNA, which carry genetic information. It enhances the production of immunoglobulins and antibodies (immune systems proteins). Plant protein found in sprouting seeds contains an abundance of aspartic acid.



Strictly speaking, carnitine is a substance related to B vitamins and not an amino acid. Its main function is to increase the use of fat as an energy source. It helps transport the long-chain fatty acids which are burned within the cells to provide energy, most notably for muscles. This helps prevents fatty build-up, especially in the heart, liver and skeletal muscles. Carnitine's benefits also include weight loss support, improved muscle strength in those with neuro-muscular disorders and enhancing antioxidant effectiveness of vitamins E and C.



Coralline is primarily is found in the liver. It can promote energy levels and stimulate the immune system.


Cytokine and Cysteine

Cytokine and cysteine are closely related. They both aid in the formation of skin and are important in detoxification. Cysteine is present in alpha-keratin, the chief protein in our nails, skin and hair. Cysteine aids in the production of collagen which helps maintain the elasticity of skin. It is also found in variety of other proteins in the body, including several of the digestive enzymes. It has antioxidant properties and is a free radical eliminator.


Dimethylglycine (DMG)

Dimethylglycine (DMG) is one of the most simple amino acids. It is considered a building block for many important substances, including our DNA. While there aren't noted symptoms of deficiency in DMF. taking supplements which contain it can help the body maintain energy levels. It's been found to enhance immunity and help with elevated cholesterol. One of its main functions is helping oxygen move around the body, improving organ function.


Gamma-Amino Butyric Acid (GABA)

Gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) acts as a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. It helps with brain metabolism by decreasing neuron activity so that nerve cells do not overfire. This is particularly beneficial for those with stress or anxiety. GABA helps to block receptor site so those quick-fire neuron messages do not reach motor centers.


Glutamic Acid

Glutamic acid increases the firing of neurons in the central nervous system. Almost the opposite of GABA, it helps to balance neurotransmission. By helping metabolize sugars and fats it may help potassium move through the blood-brain barrier. Our brains sometimes use this acid as a fuel. Glutamic acid picks up nitrogen atoms which help to detoxify ammonia, creating glutamine in the process. This conversion is essential for healthy brain function and cerebral activity . Glutamic acid can be helpful in treating behavioral and cognitive disorders.



Glutamine is most abundantly found in our muscles. We consider it a brain fuel because it can pass the blood-brain barrier and helps brain activity. Glutamine is also important in maintaining the acid-alkaline balance of our bodies, supporting healthy digestion and helps in maintaining our DNA.

Glutamine is present in many animal and plant sources, but cooking easily destroys it. Raw spinach and parsley are a great source of glutamine To keep it potent and pure, powdered glutamine must be kept completely dry. Glutamine supplements should not be taken by anymore who suffers from liver or kidney problems or other conditions that feature accumulation of ammonia in the blood.



Glutathione is not strictly an amino acid, it's a substance produced from cysteine, glutamic acid, and glycine

Glutathione is a powerful antioxidant. Its largest stores are found in the liver where it works to detoxify harmful compounds. We need glutathione to metabolize carbohydrates. When released into the blood stream, it helps maintain and protect blood cells. Glutathione has a connection to anti-aging as we are seen to have a declining amount of it as we grow older. A deficiency in glutathione can lead to a number of conditions affecting the nervous system including balance, coordination and cognitive activity.



Glycine helps to slow muscle degeneration. It's an essential component in the process of creating other vital acids in our bodies. You'll find it in many gastric antacid agents as it's beneficial for digestive balance. Glycine can also be found in the skin and connectives tissues where it helps to repair damage.

Our nervous system needs glycine to function properly and it is influential in sustaining our energy levels. For men, it's a particularly important component in maintaining prostate health.



Histidine is a growth and repair amino acid. From blood cell production to removing heavy metals and protecting against radiation damage, histidine also helps maintain the myelin sheaths that protect nerve cells. Too little histidine can contribute to arthritis and nerve deafness, but too much can have an effect on mental health and stress, fortunately, methionine helps to regulate histidine levels.

Histamine is a derivative of histidine. It's important for immunity and can benefit sexual health. Naturally found in foods like rice, wheat and rye, histamine can help stimulate gastric juices to help digestion.



Isoleucine is beneficial for athletes. It increase energy, endurance and helps in healing muscle tissues. It helps regulate our blood sugar levels and it's a key of hemoglobin formation. Isoleucine can be found in foods including almonds, cashews, chicken, eggs, fish, lentils, liver, meat, rye, seeds and soy. It is important to include sources of isoleucine in your diet for overall wellness.



Leucine works with amino acids; isoleucine and valine to act as a fuel and protect muscles. Together, they promote the healing of our bones, skin and muscle tissues. Leucine can help regulate blood sugar levels but needs to be taken in moderation. It is naturally occurring in brown rice, beans, meat, nuts, soy flour and whole wheat.



Lysine is needed for proper growth and development in children. By helping with calcium absorption, it also helps balance nitrogen in adults. We need this amino acid for the production of antibodies, hormones, enzymes and tissue repair. It's also a great support for building muscle protein.



Methionine assists in the breakdown of fats, which helps make sure there are no obstructions of blood flow to the brain, heart, and kidneys. The synthesis of the amino acids, cysteine and taurine, may depend on the availability of methionine. Methionine is a powerful antioxidant and a good source of sulfur which helps neutralize free radicals. The more toxic substances in your body, the greater your need for methionine. You can find methionine in foods such as beans, eggs, fish, garlic, lentils, onion, soybeans, seeds and yogurt.



Ornithine prompts the release of growth hormones, which promotes the metabolism of excess body fat. It's necessary for healthy immunity and liver function. Ornithine helps promote healing and repair, so you'll find it in the skin and tissues.



Phenylalanine can elevate your mood, decrease pain, aid in memory and learning, and suppress the appetite. It's closely linked to the functions of the central nervous system and can be beneficial to a variety of pain and neurological ailments.



Proline can help to improve collagen production which is beneficial for our skin and can also help in strengthening cartilage, joints, tendons and the heart. It's better when it works with vitamin C, where it helps to promote healthy connective tissues.



We need serine to metabolize fats and fatty acids, to grow muscle and to maintain a healthy immune system. It also helps produce antibodies It is a natural moisturizing agent and you can find it in a number of cosmetic products.



We have high level of taurine in our hearts, white blood cells, skeletal muscle and in our nervous system. It's considered a building block for all other amino acids. In bile, taurine is a key component needed for the digestion of fats, the control of cholesterol and the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. We need taurine to make use of minerals including sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium. Together with zinc, taurine can help to maintain healthy eye function. Excessive alcohol consumption can cause the body to lose its ability to utilize taurine properly Those with diabetes have an increased need for taurine and along with cysteine, this can also potentially decrease the need for insulin. Taurine is naturally found in eggs, fish, meat, and milk, but not in vegetable proteins. If you have sufficient amounts of vitamin B6, your body can synthesize taurine in your liver.



Threonine is important in helping to maintain the proper protein balance in the body. It helps in the formation of collagen and elastin, alongside other amino acids, it aids in liver function and immunity.



Our bodies need tryptophan to produce niacin which is used by our brains to create serotonin. It's therefore important for stabilizing moods and helps to alleviate stress. It may reduce some of the effects of nicotine and help aid healthy weight control. You can find tryptophan in brown rice, cottage cheese, meat, peanuts, and soy protein.



Tyrosine helps to regulate our moods as well as aiding in the production of melanin which is responsible for skin and hair colour. It can also help to maintain the adrenal, thyroid and pituitary glands. Symptoms of tyrosine deficiency can include low blood pressure, low body temperature (such as cold hands and feet), and restless leg syndrome. It can be used to help maintain healthy sleep patterns and to alleviate anxiety and allergies. Natural sources of tyrosine include almonds, avocados, bananas, dairy products, lima beans, pumpkin seeds and sesame seeds. Tyrosine is best taken at bedtime or with a high-carbohydrates meal.



Valine has a stimulant effect which makes it important for muscle metabolism and tissue repair. It's concentrated in the muscles where it can also be used as an energy source. Dietary sources of valine include dairy products, grains, mushrooms, peanuts and soy.